Information about Nepal ! What is Nepal? Where is Nepal? How is Nepal for Trekking Tour Holidays?
Nepal is the Himalayan country in south Asia. NEPAL means Never Ending Peace and Love. Nepal is a country where love and peace is eternal ever. Nepal is land of lord Buddha and the mountain Mount Everest - the highest mountain in the world.
Nepal is a land of snow peaks and Sherpas, yaks and yetis, tantalizing monasteries and long-lasting mantras lies between the high wall of the Himalaya and the vibrant steamy jungles of the Indian plains.
Nepal is famous for Mountain trekking and adventures ever since Nepal opened its borders to outsiders in the 1950s, this tiny mountain nation has had an irresistible mystical allure for travelers. Today, legions of trekkers are drawn to the Himalaya’s most iconic and accessible hiking, some of the world’s best, with rugged trails to Everest, the Annapurna and beyond. Nowhere else can you trek for days or even weeks in incredible mountain scenery, secure in the knowledge that a hot meal, cozy lodge and warm slice of apple pie await you at the end of the day.
Nepal is paradise for mountain lovers. Other travelers are drawn here by the adrenaline rush of rafting down a roaring Himalaya Nepal river or bungee jumping into a bottomless Himalayan gorge. Canyoning, climbing, kayaking, paragliding and mountain biking all offer a rush against the backdrop of some of the world’s most dramatic landscapes.
Other travelers prefer to see Nepal at a more gentle pace, admiring the peaks over a gin and tonic from a Himalayan viewpoint, strolling through the temple-lined medieval city squares of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur, and joining Buddhist pilgrims on a spiritual stroll around the centuries-old stupas and temples that lie scattered across the Kathmandu Valley.
Further south laid Nepal’s wild and woolly national parks, where nature buffs scan the treetops for exotic bird species and comb the jungles for rhinos and tigers from the backs of lumbering Indian elephants. Whether you cross the country by mountain bike, motorbike, raft or tourist bus, Nepal offers an astonishingly diverse array of attractions and landscapes.
There are few countries in the world that are as well set up for independent travel as Nepal. Wandering the trekking shops, bakeries and pizzerias of Thamel and Pokhara, it’s easy to feel that you have somehow landed in a kind of backpacker Disneyland. Out in the countryside lies a quite different Nepal, where traditional mountain life continues stoically and at a slower pace, and a million potential adventures glimmer on the mountain horizons. The biggest problem faced by visitors to Nepal is how to fit everything in. Many people have spent a lifetime exploring the mountain trails of the Himalaya and the atmospheric temple towns of the Middle Hills, and they still keep coming back for more. Our advice is to pick a handful of essential experiences for your visit and save the rest for trips two, three and four.
Here you will find a wide selection of journeys to choose from beginning with a day getaways that include a combination of white-water rafting, paragliding and jungle adventures to longer up to 2-week, challenges that take you into the high mountains, and often to the bases of some of the most prolific mountains on earth. Visits to temples and monasteries are a must.
Nepal Travel Guide
Nepal is a landlocked country, bounded on the north by the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China; on the east by Sikkim and West Bengal of the Indian Union on the south by Indian States of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh and on the west by Uttar Pradesh of Indian Union. Its total area is 147,181 sq km. The length of the country is 885 kilometers east-west and its breath varies from 145 to 241 kilometers north-south. Climatically, it lies in the temperate zone with the added advantage of altitude.
Nowhere in the world is there such a vast and unique diversity of landscapes, terrain, and cultures in so concentrated an area as in Nepal. As its northern borders are capped by the mighty Himalayas, Nepal is endowed with 8 of the world’s 14 eight thousand meter peaks. Nepal naturally evolved into a mountaineers’ playground after the summit of Mt. Everest (8848m) in 1953 by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay. But Nepal is more than just mountains. As its southern border is shared with sub-tropical India, the lower ‘Terai’ jungle region is host to national parks with a rich ecosystem and diversity in wildlife. The middle hills region where the major cities of Kathmandu and Pokhara are located offer treks at comfortable altitudes through scenic country sides overlooking an abundance of rivers, valleys and forest. The altitude at Pokhara starts at approx 820 metres and in the capital Kathmandu 1336 metres.
There are three main geographic/altitude regions in Nepal. They are Himalayan Region: The altitude of this region ranges between 4877 meters and 8848 meters with the snow line running around 48848 meters. It includes 8 of the existing 14 summits in the world which exceed an altitude of 8000 meters. They are (1) Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) 8848 m, (2) Kangchenjunga – 8586 m, (3) Lhotse – 8516m, Makalu – 8463m, (5) ChoOyo- 8201 m, (6) Dhaulagiri – 8167m, (7) Manaslu – 8163m, and Annapurna- 8091 m.
Middle Hill Region: This region accounts for about 64 percent of total land area. It is formed by the Mahabharat range that soars up to 4877 meters. To its south lies the lower Churia range whose altitude varies from 610 meters to 1524 meters. The Middle Hill Region contains some of the most varied landscape in Asia, from Alpine Forests to Temperate Jungle.
Terai Region: The low-land Terai region which has a width of about 26 to 32 kilometers and a maximum altitude of 305 meters, which occupies about 17% of total land area of the country. The Terai Region accounts for some of the greatest diversity in wildlife in Asia; Bears, Tiger, Leopard, Rhino, Elephant, Sloth, Deer, Antelope, Gangatic Dolphin, more than 830 species of bird life.
Nepali is the official language of Nepal with almost 60 percent of the population speaking it. The language which is believed to be the closest derivation from Sanskrit, was originally called Khas Bhasha, but became known as Nepali during the 20th century. In the capital Kathmandu, Nepal Bhasa (the Newar language) and Nepali are the most widely used languages.
It is often asked, “When is the best time to visit Nepal?” Nepal is a year round destination, with different offerings during different seasons. For culture, heritage, sightseeing, golf, and a relaxing getaway, any time of year is rewarding. There are 2 main trekking seasons in Nepal - spring (February – May) and autumn (September – November).
Spring Season (February – May): This season is ideal for touring and trekking throughout all regions of Nepal. It is particularly nice to trek during the months of March and April in the Everest, Annapurna, Langtang and other regions as the Rhododendrons (Nepal’s national flower, there are over 16 varieties) are in bloom at this time. The weather is fresh and crisp with low humidity, the sun is not too hot and night-time temperatures are very comfortable even when camping. Also ideal for visiting Chitwan National Park for jungle safaris.
Monsoon Season (June-August): During the late June to end August monsoons, the light has an amazing clarity and the land grows green and lush with astonishing quickness. This time of the year is still good for cultural exploration tours, particularly in the areas of Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Pokhara, when ripe paddy fields glisten in the sun and there is a different kind of magic created by the monsoon. Although possible, this season is not considered ideal to go to Chitwan due to high rains and temperatures. Trekking to Rain Shadow areas such as Jomsom and Mustang in the Annapurna region is ideal.
Autumn Season (September- November): September, October and November are pleasant months and there are some important and colourful festivals to enjoy both in the valleys and in the mountains. This season is ideal for tours, treks and Jungle Safaris to Chitwan. October is the busiest trekking month so it’s sometimes nice to delay your tour/trek to late November, December, and even far as January so as to avoid the tourist rush.
Winter Season: (December-January): There is no snow in the Kathmandu and Pokhara valleys so December and January are perfect months to visit. There are fewer tourists and contrary to what most guide books say (due most likely to climate change) climate conditions favorable for viewing Himalayan vistas are turning up to be in December and January. Although treks to the Annapurna Circuit and Everest Base Camp should be avoided at this time, medium and easy grade cultural treks to all regions can be made. Christmas in the Everest region or the Chitwan Jungle makes a holiday to remember.
We use high-end hotels in the cities and the best available in other small places.
Except in formal gatherings, informal clothes are accepting everywhere. Warm garments are required October – March. An umbrella or a raincoat is a must for the rainy season i.e. July – September.
The unit of the Nepalese Currency is Rupee. One Nepali Rupee is made up of 100 paisa. Foreign currency can easily be exchanged at banks or authorized agents. MasterCard, Visa and American Express are accepted at all major Hotels, Restaurants and Stores. ATM’s are available in Kathmandu and other major cities.
Banks are open between 10:00 am to 2:30 pm from Sunday to Thursdays and between 10:00 am to 12:30 pm on Fridays. Closed on Saturdays and national holidays. Some Banks in Thamel, Kathmandu are open till later.
Tips and Service Charges:
Tipping is generally expected, so leave around 10% of the total bill if service was good.
How to Enter Nepal
By Air: Kathmandu Airport, Kathmandu
By Land: Kakarbhitta, Birgunj, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, Dhangadi, Jogbani (Biratnagar), Mahendra Nagar in Nepal-India border and Kodari in Nepal- China border.
Visitors are allowed to bring in the consumable articles and it is subject to change at any time.Liquor one bottle up 1.15 liters.200 sticks of cigarette
Export of Antiques:
The export of antiques requires special certificate from the Department of Archaeology, National Archive Building, Ram Shah Path, Kathmandu. Gold, Silver, precious stones, wild animals and their skins, horns, etc, all drugs whether processed or in their natural state, are prohibited to export. Carrying narcotics, arms & ammunitions are strictly prohibited.
Airport Transportation: In addition to metered taxis, limousine service is also available at the airport for transport to major hotels in the city. We can pre-arrange private minibus transfers.
Other Transportation arrangement: Metered taxis having black plates with different figures are available in Kathmandu. Bicycles, motor cycles and rickshaws are also available on hire. The fare for the bicycles or motorcycles is fixed whereas the fare of rickshaws is to be negotiated. There are regular bus services between the main towns of the Kathmandu Valley. The Bus Terminal is located at Gongabu (new bus terminal) and Bagbazar (old bus terminal).
Telephone Services, available in Kathmandu, Pokhara, and even in some remote villages on main trekking routes. Internet and Email are available in Kathmandu, Pokhara, and some trekking routes.In Kathmandu many international Postal Services are available as FedEx, UPS, and DHL.
Electricity in Nepal is 220V/50Khz. either a two round plug or a three triangular shaped round plug adaptor is required in Nepal.
Entry Procedures: All visitors except Indian Nationals must hold a passport and valid visa. The visas can be obtained by prior to arrival in Nepal or on arrival at Kathmandu Airport. It is a simple procedure on arrival in Kathmandu proceeds to the Immigration counter; where you will need to hand over two passport sized photos and your visa fee.
Short Stay Visa: US $25 for 15 days
Long Stay Visa up to US$100 for 90 days
Please make sure you carry additional passport sized photos with you when travelling in Nepal as if you decide to trek to gain some permits additional passport sized photos maybe requested.
Ideally you should seek advice at least 8 weeks prior to your departure. We encourage all travelers to ensure their hepatitis and tetanus vaccinations are kept up to date at all times. Please note there is a rabies risk in Nepal.