Everest Expedition participants must have a solid understanding of mountaineering skills. We require that each team member have previous high altitude experience, such as the 7,000 - 8,000 meter peaks. In the best interest of personal safety, success and team compatibility, adequate training and excellent physical condition are required. Prior experience carrying a heavy pack for multiple days serves as excellent preparation for climbing Everest. Climbers must be able to carry an average of 30lbs or more and be physically and mentally prepared to deal with strenuous situations at high altitudes. Climbers need to be in excellent physical condition for both personal enjoyment and to be an integral team member.
Although Mt.Everest (88850m) is not the most technically difficult peak in the world, the altitude and the weather make Mount Everest a real challenge to be mastered by the most intrepid adventurers. Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were the first to ascend Mt. Everest in 1953. The Tibetan name of Mt. Everest is Chomolungma (goddess mother of the universe). In Sanskrit it is named Sagarmatha (ocean mother). It was given its English name, Mount Everest, in 1865, after Surveyor General of India around that time, Sir George Everest. This majestic structure forms part of the 2414 kilometer long Himalaya mountain system.
Everest Climbing Route: From base camp, the route to the summit can be divided into four separate sections: the Khumbu Icefall; the Western Cwm; the Lhotse Face and the Summit (South East) Ridge. These distinct sections give the climb tremendous variety, although they do have their individual challenges and hazards. Being able to divide the mountain into four parts also has psychological benefits, enabling climbers to focus on each section and to measure their progress up the mountain more easily.
The Khumbu Icefall - The Khumbu Icefall, the highest ice-bouldering obstacle course in the world, deserves respect. The Icefall is a jumbled morass of ice-blocks, ice towers, and centuries old ice, raven by crevasses, all moving inexorably downwards from the Western Cwm to the Khumbu Valley, below. It is dangerous, as the ice is constantly moving and ice towers can collapse without warning. It is not a place for the uninitiated, except in the company of experienced leaders and Sherpas, who have negotiated its labyrinth many times before. Even then, safety is far from absolute and speed is important, as is an intricate knowledge of the ways of the Icefall that can only have been gained by many passages up and down. Although the exact route changes each year, and throughout the season as we move from hard winter to softer spring, it retains the same essential features and direction from bottom to top.
Climbing in the Icefall, or entering the Western Cwm in the heat of the day, is akin to being in a blast-furnace, so our rate of ascent slows a great deal after the sun rises. So whenever we do go through the Icefall, we will do it as early as is practicable in the morning and aim to get to Camp 1 just as the sun reaches us.
The Western Cwm -A walk into the Western Cwm is to walk into the hall of the mountain gods. It is an awesomely impressive and inspiring place. Gigantic walls tower over you as you move from Camp 1 towards the full expanse of the Cwm above, with the West Ridge of Everest to the left, and the North Face of Nuptse to the right. Here, the Cwm is at its narrowest and the ground reasonably flat. You will find some gaping crevasses across the floor. They are big enough to be measured in terms of double decker buses! This means the crevasses need to have ladders stretched across them, which gives easy access (if not goggled-eyed) to their upper sides, or they have to be walked around. Either way, they add to the sense that having passed through the labyrinth of the Icefall; the gods have set one more task for you to pass before they let you into their inner sanctum. This final test usually includes at least one steep wall of ice, rising straight from the floor to give a vertical step of about 30m/100ft and so to the hallowed ground of the upper Western Cwm.
From here, with the gods gazing down from the mountain is upper ramparts, easy (but perhaps exhausting) progress is made to reach Camp 2, nestled below the West Ridge, just short of the foot of the South West Face.
The Lhotse Face -An early start from Camp 2 will see you crossing the upper Cwm to the base of Everest is most impressive wall, the Lhotse Face. Early in the season, when the face is still unfettered by human steps, this steep section makes for the most grueling and technically intricate day on the mountain. Gusting winds, snow plumes, and the sight of the steep face above greet you at the base of Lhotse after a steady morning walk to the very end of the Cwm, above Camp 2. Careful footwork will have you ascending this section confidently where the laser-straight ascent, which rises on a slope that seems to touch your nose, is in stark contrast to the zigzag maze of the Icefall below.
Arrival in Camp 3, halfway up the Lhotse Face, gives you a truly rugged, high mountain experience. Platforms, cut just wide enough for the tents, will have been hewn out of the bullet-hard ice by the Sherpas ahead of your arrival. But once that work has been done, it is a mass exodus of our Sherpas back down to the comforts below. The Sherpas play by Sagarmatha is rules and for them, a night on these exposed ledges is frowned upon by the mountain gods. Well that is what they say, but if it only takes an hour or so to get back here, and if you can be ready for work before the team is climbers have even risen for breakfast, why would not you take your rest lower down? For those with slower legs (but seemingly normal hearts and lungs), we settle here on our ledge for one of the most glorious sunsets seen by any human in all time (save the Apollo Astronauts, perhaps!)
Typically, the camp is pitched in the lower neighborhood of Camp 3 (which can sprawl over several hundred meters up the slope) affording us better shelter from the wind than some of the tents perched above. And, after a night of re-hydration and an initial round of oxygen-rich sleep, it is a return to base camp and then all the way off the mountain to Dingboche before you return here just once more, on the way to the top.
Next time, when we leave Camp 3 at 7,400 meters, you will be gripped by the first flush of true summit fever; down-suits donned, Top Out masks fitted, the first hiss of oxygen spreads from tent to tent as valves are cracked open. This marks the first day of climbing on gas and the first stage of your ascent into the death zone.
The view does not disappoint either. The Nuptse Wall forms one half of the crescent bowl surrounding us, and the West Shoulder of Everest the other. Down the valley, the towering peaks of Pumori and Lingtren, which stand with grand presence above Base Camp, now look like anonymous ridges in the vast sea of Himalayan Giants stretching as far away as the eye can see. The village of Base Camp is long out of sight and registers now only by crackling radio transmissions during early morning calls.
The climb from Camp 3 launches another adrenaline-pumping attack on your senses as you inch-up the steep Lhotse Face. Using an ascender on fixed line, you grind up slowly and steadily. After a hard, enduring early morning, the effort is rewarded by a left-hand turn and a traverse across Lhotse toward the famous landmark of the Yellow Band. It is no small relief at this point, as you will have ascended some 1,200-m/3,700-ft from Camp 2. When you look down the sweep of the Lhotse Face, our tents will appear as tiny dots, like peppercorns scattered at your feet.
A second section rears up and onto the rocky Geneva Spur adding exciting scrambling to the mix. The exhilaration of scrambling in such a sensational setting, combined with the apprehension of approaching 8,000-metres and the anxiety of catching your breath on top of the Spur, drawing heavily through the mask, needs first-hand experience to comprehend. Turning the corner here, you will be heading across the home stretch to our highest camp at the South Col on what seems to be flat ground. Now the fixed-line disappears briefly, which lends an enticing sense of freedom, even though the wind usually picks up speed here to whisper caution. The last few metres of walking to the South Col inevitably brings with it a whole flood of emotions, since you have made all but the very last leap en route to the highest point on earth.
After a few moments of contemplation, it is down to business. Navigating to the relative shelter of our tents it is then an immediate dash to remove damp socks, arrange boots to dry, tying down crampons and ice axes outside, and diving into warm sleeping bags while setting to work on sparking up the stoves.
South Col to Summit -After an afternoon of drinking and eating, as well as attempts to sleep (thwarted by excitement and adrenalin), the summit push begins between 10 pm and midnight. Typically, the howling winds which will accompany the team in the first hours of climbing die down as the night continues.
At 8,443m (27,700 feet) we arrive at the small platform of snow known as the Balcony. Here, we change over oxygen bottles, steal a few minutes rest and make contact with base camp, which are on stand-by, maintaining a watchful vigil whilst we reach out for the top.
The route then turns to a sustained 300-m/1,000-ft climb up the South-East Ridge towards the South Summit. The climbing remains similar to the earlier sections: step, pause, breathe, and repeat. Across some rocky steps at the top of the ridge, we reach the South Summit and from here the view opens up to the Hilary Step and all the way up to the top. Depending on whether we have changed oxygen bottles at the Balcony, we may switch again here.
Above the tangle of fixed lines on the 40 foot Hilary Step; it is about 100-m/330 vertical feet between here and the summit. But the sheer drop down the Kangshung Face on one side and the South West Face on the other makes this a section of breathtaking climbing both physically and emotionally hard. The reward, of course, opens up at 8,850m/29,028 feet where there is no higher step in the world.
We hope to be on the summit in the early morning, with plenty of time to make the long descent to the South Col. Before starting out for the top, you will have agreed a turn-around time with David, who will ensure that should you not have reached the top by this time, you will go down to the relative safety of Camp 4. After spending another night sleeping with oxygen, the team will descend from Camp 4, on the South Col, directly to Camp 2 and then, the next day, to Base Camp.
Below is our Everest Expedition itinerary, and talk to a team of professional expedition guide and leader for more Everest expedition travel guide, customized expedition itinerary, and the best cost deal to Everest Expedition. We are very happy to see you soon with answer of your entire query.
Day 1: Arrive in Kathmandu (1300m)
Upon arrival to Kathmandu airport, you will have warm reception meeting at Kathmandu airport and drive to Hotel. We will be waiting you there with your name. Spend free afternoon on your own and trip meeting in the evening.
Day 2: Kathmandu tour
Kathmandu tour visit temples, city tour, shopping and restaurants.
Day 3: Kathmandu to Phakding.
Fly to Lukla (2860m). Walk to Phakding (2650m).O/N stays at Teahouse.
Day 4: Phakding to Namche bazzar.
Trek to Namche Bazaar (3450m). O/N stays at Teahouse.
Day 5: Rest and acclimatization in Namche.
Check email, send messages at cyber-café, and eat at one of the many great restaurants in town. O/N stays at Teahouse.
Day 6: Trek to Pangboche (3750m).
Participate in a Buddhist Puja blessing ceremony with the local Lama at the monastery if you wish. O/N stays at Teahouse.
Day 7: Trek to Pheriche (4250m).
Visit the Himalayan Rescue Association health clinic. O/N stays at Teahouse.
Day 8: Trek to Dugla (4600m). O/N stays at Teahouse.
Day 9: Trek to Lobuche (4900m). O/N stays at Teahouse.
Day 10: Trek to Gorak Shep (5150m). O/N stays at Teahouse.
Day 11: Trek to Everest base camp (5000 m). O/N stays at Tent camp.
Day 12: Everest Base Camp
Rest, organization, and training day in base camp. O/N stays at Tent camp.
Day 13: In Everest Base Camp
Rest, organization, and training day in base camp. O/N stays at Tent camp.
Day 14: Trek to Pumori base camp, sleep there at tent camp.
Day 15: Trek to Pumori ABC, return to base camp. O/N stays at Tent camp.
Day 16: Rest in Everest base camp.
Day 17: Acclimatization trek to the top of Kala Pattar at 5500 metres, return to base camp. Team members crossing a ladder over a deep crevasse in the everywhere Khumbu Icefall. We have fixed rope and ladders laid through the whole maze of shifting glacial seracs.
Day 18: Rest in Everest base camp.
Day 19: Climb to camp 1 at 5800m and sleep there.
Day 20: Walk to camp 2 at 6200m, return to camp 1, and sleep there.
Day 21: Return to base camp.
Day 22: Rest in base camp.
Day 23: Rest in base camp.
Day 24: Walk to camp 1. Sleep there.
Day 25: Walk to camp 2. Sleep there.
Day 26: Rest in camp 2.
Day 27: Explore route to camp 3 (7300 m), return to camp 2, sleep there.
Day 28: Return to base camp.
Day 29: Rest in base camp.
Day 30: Rest in base camp.
Day 31: Climb to camp 1, sleep there.
Day 32: Climb to camp 2, Sleep there.
Day 33: Rest in camp 2.
Day 34: Climb to camp 3. Sleep there.
Day 35: Climb to camp 1 or camp 2. Sleep there.
Rest in Base camp or descend to a lower village.
Day 36: Return to base camp.
Day 37: Rest in base camp or descend to a lower village such as Pangboche.
Day 38: Return to base camp from lower village. Rest in base camp.
Summit Attempt to Mount Everest
Day 39: Climb to camp 1, sleep there.
Day 40: Climb to camp 2, sleep there.
Day 41: Climb to camp 3, sleep there.
Day 42: Climb to camp 4 at 8000 m, sleep there.
Day 43: Attempt summit.
Day 44: Climb to camp 2, sleep there.
Day 45: Return to base camp.
Day 46: Rest in base camp.
Day 47: Climb to camp 2, sleep there.
Day 48: Climb to camp 3, sleep there.
Day 49: Climb to camp 4, sleep there.
Day 50: Attempt summit
Day 51: Return to camp 2.
Day 52: Return to base camp.
Day 53: Pack up base camp.
Day 54: Trek down to Pheriche.
Day 55: Trek down to Pangboche.
Day 56: Trek to Namche.
Day 57: Trek to Lukla.
Day 58: Lukla to Kathmandu.
Get 30 minutes short flight to Kathmandu in the morning and spend free day at leisure.
Day 59: Free day in Kathmandu.
Extra day in Kathmandu, in case of delay, and for sightseeing, gift shopping.
Day 60: Kathmandu airport.
Final transfers to Kathmandu airport to get fly home. Thanks for joining our expedition!